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  • In today’s world, where every organization increasingly relies on data, data management and protection strategies are crucial. Proper data management not only ensures information security but also protects against potential financial and reputational losses.

    The Essence of Data Management and Protection

    Data management and protection involve not only securing information against unauthorized access but also protecting it from loss and destruction. An important element is data classification, allowing for the appropriate protection of the most valuable or risky information. Effective data protection encompasses the use of various tools and methods, such as backups, encryption, access management, and endpoint protection.

    Consequences of Underestimating Data Protection

    Improper data management can lead to serious consequences. Examples include data breaches, which can result in significant financial losses or even bankruptcy. Other scenarios include accidental or malicious data loss, ransomware attacks, unauthorized use of sensitive information, and disasters both natural and man-made, which can threaten entire IT systems.

    Data Management and Protection Strategies

    Importance and Benefits of Implementing Effective Strategies

    Implementing effective data management and protection strategies brings many benefits. This prepares businesses to deal with various threats, thus ensuring business continuity and data security. It is also key to maintaining customer trust and protecting brand reputation. Moreover, compliance with data privacy regulations, such as GDPR, is becoming an increasingly important indicator for business and consumer trust.

    Implementing an Effective Data Management and Protection Strategy

    Implementing an effective data management and protection strategy requires understanding and applying the right tools and methods. Key elements include access management, data encryption, creating backups, and implementing data loss prevention systems. Continuous employee training on data security and keeping security systems up to date in response to evolving threats are also important.


    Data management and protection strategies are an indispensable element of conducting business in today’s digital world. Companies must not only protect their data but also continuously adapt their strategies to the changing threat landscape. Only in this way can they ensure the long-term stability and security of their operations.

    To address increasing cyber challenges, the European Union introduced the Digital Operational Resilience Act (DORA). It is a crucial component of the EU’s digital finance package. The aim of this innovative legislation is to strengthen the digital resilience of the European financial market, particularly against information and communication technology (ICT) threats.

    DORA. ICT Risk Management

    DORA stresses the duty of financial institutions’ management bodies to ensure digital operational resilience. It mandates them to create extensive ICT risk management systems for identifying, assessing, managing, and monitoring ICT risks. This regulation compels financial companies to follow stringent standards to safeguard their IT systems against disruptions and cyber-attacks.

    Legal Aspects and ICT Service Providers

    DORA sets specific criteria for contracts with third-party ICT service providers. Financial institutions are required to rigorously assess and manage risks from these providers. This involves categorizing current contracts, defining target requirements, performing gap analyses, and addressing identified gaps.
    The regulation changes how companies and their management view ICT-related responsibility and risk. It necessitates reviews and potential adjustments in insurance coverage.

    ICT Incident Reporting

    DORA unifies the requirements for reporting major ICT incidents in the EU financial sector. Its goal is to enhance incident response and foster cooperation between national and European authorities. DORA sets standard procedures for monitoring, classifying, and reporting ICT incidents to the appropriate authorities, essential for rapid response and reducing the impact of cyber-attacks.


    Protection and Prevention Measures

    DORA mandates financial organizations to have ICT systems and processes that can swiftly detect and respond to potential threats. It specifies requirements for processes and systems to rapidly identify and defend against threats. This includes automatic network isolation during cyber-attacks, reducing data loss and system failures, and speeding up the return to normal operations.

    Increased Supervisory Engagement

    Upon the enactment of DORA, national and EU supervisory authorities receive new powers in the area of digital operational resilience. This means increased requirements for companies in terms of assessing and enhancing their ability to deal with operational disruptions. This supervision aims not only to ensure compliance with new regulations but also to improve companies’ ability to assess and strengthen their operational resilience.

    Investment and Development Needs

    The new DORA requirements call for substantial investments in management, risk, and compliance, particularly in ICT, Cyber, and TPRM areas. Companies must perform gap analyses to pinpoint current deficiencies in capabilities, resources, and expertise. These gaps must be addressed within a 24-month implementation period. This poses a challenge for companies, necessitating quick adaptation and development of new competencies to meet evolving regulatory requirements.


    The DORA regulation represents a significant step towards enhancing operational and digital resilience in the European Union’s financial sector. DORA’s comprehensive approach, demanding new investments and engagement across various management levels, holds the potential to serve as a model for global regions in cyber threat protection. The challenge remains the continuous updating and adaptation to a dynamically changing cyber environment.

    In the era of the digital revolution, information stored electronically is not only convenient. It becomes essential for many aspects of our lives. With this, however, comes the increased responsibility to ensure their security.

    Recognizing the importance of this issue, the European Union has introduced a series of regulations aimed at protecting our privacy. This article focuses on shedding light on these regulations. It also provides guidance on navigating the digital world without compromising our data.

    Unauthorized Data Access: What Does It Mean for You?

    Data breaches are not just about losing your password to a social networking site. It’s a potential threat to your personal, financial, or professional life. Therefore, data administrators have the duty not only to protect this information but also to respond when there’s a leak.

    If your data is at risk, the company storing it must act quickly. They are obliged to notify both you and the appropriate state authorities.

    How to Claim Your Rights?

    When you believe that your data is not adequately protected, you can take specific actions. Filing a complaint with the national data protection authority is the first step. This body, considering your safety, is obliged to respond within three months.

    Personal Data Protection

    But that’s not the end of your options. You can also decide to take legal action against the company or organization that failed to safeguard your data. If you suffer losses, both financial and emotional, as a result, the law provides for compensation for you.

    Cookies: Are They a Threat to Us?

    Cookies have become an integral part of most websites. They facilitate the use of services by remembering our preferences or browsing history. However, they also have another side – they can be used to monitor our online activity.

    That’s why the European Union has introduced regulations aimed at giving us an informed choice regarding the acceptance of cookies. Websites are required to inform us about their use and give us the option of whether we want them to be stored on our device.


    Awareness is key when it comes to protecting our privacy in the digital world. Thanks to the regulations of the European Union, we have the tools to control how our data is stored and used. However, it’s up to us whether we use these tools and how effectively we’ll protect our online privacy.

    The modern world is rapidly moving towards digitizing various aspects of our lives. Not only are media, education, and shopping transitioning into the virtual space, but so are official documents. One flagship example of this trend is the mObywatel app, which is growing in popularity in Poland year by year. What features does mObywatel offer? What new regulations does the latest act introduce? Here’s a comprehensive guide to the world of mObywatel.

    What is mObywatel?

    mObywatel is an innovative mobile app developed by the Polish government that allows users to store and use electronic versions of official documents, such as ID cards, school or student IDs. This tool makes life easier for millions of Poles, eliminating the need to carry traditional versions of these documents.

    Safety First

    Personal data security is a priority for the app’s developers. Data processing in mObywatel is carried out with full respect for users’ privacy. Information such as name, surname, PESEL number, or user’s photo comes from official state registers, ensuring their authenticity. Importantly, this data is protected with advanced encryption technologies, minimizing the risk of unauthorized access. A key security feature is also the requirement to enter a personal PIN code before accessing the app.

    Rich App Capabilities

    mObywatel is not just an electronic ID. The app allows you to:

    The Latest Act and mObywatel

    Recent changes in legal regulations have further expanded the scope of rights and functionalities of the mObywatel app. The new act, which came into effect, allows the use of mObywatel in a broader range of institutions and offices, making the app more functional and adapted to users’ needs. It’s worth following regular updates to stay up-to-date with the latest features and possibilities the app offers.


    mObywatel in an International Context

    Looking at solutions from other countries, we see that the trend of digitizing public services is global. Estonia, for example, is often regarded as a pioneer in this field due to its e-Residency and e-ID program. Estonian citizens use electronic ID cards that offer a wide range of online services, from business operations to voting in elections.

    In Asia, Singapore has impressed with its SingPass system, which allows residents easy access to government services, such as applying for benefits or reviewing medical results. Sweden, on the other hand, developed the BankID system, which has become the standard for online identity verification in many situations, both in commercial and public services.

    However, not all systems were adopted without controversy. India’s Aadhaar system, although greatly simplifying bureaucratic processes for nearly 1.3 billion citizens, raised some concerns about privacy and data security.

    mObywatel blends ID features with a broad array of services in global efforts. It’s Poland’s response to the global digitization trend, offering Poles a modern tool tailored to local needs and standards.


    In the digital age, mObywatel simplifies daily tasks and contact with government agencies. Thanks to its high level of security and continuous updates, it becomes an essential part of every Pole’s smartphone. By using it, we become active participants in the digital world, where traditional methods give way to modern solutions.

    Since its introduction in 2018, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) has gained significant attention. It has become one of the main topics of debate concerning privacy protection. Many myths and misconceptions have arisen around GDPR. Here are ten of them that are worth debunking!

    GDPR only applies to large companies.

    False! GDPR applies to any organization or individual who processes personal data of European Union residents, regardless of the company size or type of activity.

    Breaches in GDPR always result in massive fines.

    While significant fines are possible for non-compliance with GDPR, in reality, regulatory authorities aim to first educate and assist companies in adhering to the regulations.

    Personal data is just a name and surname.

    Mistake! Personal data encompasses any information that can be attributed to a specific individual. This includes an email address, phone number, location, or data related to online activity.

    10 GDPR myths

    Consent is always needed to process data.

    Not always. There are various legal grounds for data processing, including contract execution or the legitimate interest of the administrator.

    Data can be stored indefinitely.

    False. According to GDPR, personal data should only be stored for as long as necessary for the purposes for which it was collected.

    GDPR only applies to companies based in the EU.

    It applies to any company that offers goods or services to EU residents, regardless of its location.

    GDPR prohibits the storage of backup copies of data.

    This is not true. Backup copies are essential for data security, but they need to be adequately protected and in compliance with GDPR principles during their storage.

    If a company uses a third-party service to process data, it’s not responsible for any breaches.

    Wrong assumption. The company that outsources data processing still bears responsibility for its security.

    GDPR only concerns electronic data.

    Not just that. GDPR pertains to data processed both in electronic and paper forms.

    Every GDPR breach must be reported to the relevant authorities.

    Not all. Reporting is only required in cases of breaches that might lead to a “high risk to the rights and freedoms of natural persons.”

    In conclusion, GDPR introduced many significant changes in the field of personal data protection. To comply with regulations appropriately, it’s essential to distinguish facts from the myths circulating around this regulation.

    With the rapid expansion of the digital age, e-commerce has evolved as a dominant force in the global marketplace. However, with this growth comes the necessity for regulations that ensure fair trade practices, data protection, and consumer rights. These regulations vary from one country to another, but there are initiatives to harmonize e-commerce rules globally.

    The Rise of E-commerce

    The digital revolution has brought about the transformation of traditional commerce into e-commerce. Consumers today prefer to shop online for its convenience and variety. As a result, businesses around the world are adopting digital platforms to cater to this rising demand.

    The Need for International Regulations

    The borderless nature of e-commerce brings with it challenges. How do we tax products? How do we ensure product quality and authenticity? These questions underline the importance of establishing clear international guidelines.

    Different Regulations in Various Countries

    Different countries have their unique e-commerce regulations. For instance, in Europe, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) ensures that customer data is secured and not misused. In contrast, other countries might emphasize more on taxation or consumer rights.

    Efforts to Harmonize Rules

    Global organizations like the World Trade Organization (WTO) have made efforts to create a standardized set of rules for e-commerce. These efforts aim to make international trade smoother and provide a level playing field for businesses, irrespective of their country of origin.

    Regulations in e-commerce

    Benefits of Harmonized Regulations

    With standardized rules, businesses can operate in multiple countries without having to navigate a complex web of regulations. It ensures consistency in trade practices and offers assurance to consumers regarding the quality and authenticity of products.

    The Challenges Ahead

    While the benefits of harmonized regulations are evident, the journey towards achieving them is laden with challenges. Diverse economic structures, cultural differences, and varied priorities among nations make the path to uniform regulations a tough one.

    Emphasis on Consumer Rights and Protection

    Protecting consumers remains at the forefront of these regulations. Ensuring that they receive genuine products, that their data is protected, and that they have a platform to voice their concerns, is paramount.


    The evolution of e-commerce has necessitated the development of international regulations that ensure fairness and consumer protection. While individual countries have their own rules, the push for harmonization is strong. This will not only benefit businesses but also bolster consumer trust in online shopping.

    In the digital age, technology influences every aspect, including the financial sector. The introduction of DORA (Digital Operational Resilience Act) is crucial to meet the rapidly growing challenges in the field of cybersecurity.

    Serving as the heartbeat of every nation’s economy, the financial sector needs to be exceptionally resilient against attacks and threats. DORA seeks to harmonize and elevate ICT security standards within the European Union’s financial sector.

    Who is Affected by the Regulation?

    At its core, DORA aims to regulate not just the direct financial entities but also the key ICT service providers. Modern financial institutions rely on external tech vendors, who often have access to sensitive data and systems. It’s vital to monitor and regulate these providers for the financial ecosystem’s integrity and security.

    Key Tenets of DORA

    The regulation focuses on four pillars vital for enhancing the resilience of the financial sector:

    Photo by Priscilla Du Preez 🇨🇦 on Unsplash

    Process for Designating Key ICT Service Providers

    DORA empowers the European Supervisory Authorities (EBA, ESMA, EIOPA) to designate key ICT service providers. This procedure identifies providers impacting the financial sector’s stability most significantly.

    Penalties and Supervisory Fees

    Like any regulatory mechanism, DORA includes a penalty system for those who breach its provisions. Financial penalties serve as a significant tool, promoting adherence to regulations and elevating the sector’s security level.

    Is DORA the Answer to Modern Challenges?

    While DORA is a significant step forward in cybersecurity, its adaptability will be the key to its effectiveness. Technology and cyber threats evolve at a lightning pace, and regulations must keep pace with these shifts.

    n conclusion, DORA represents a notable shift. It changes the EU financial sector’s security approach. The real test for Digital Operational Resilience Act is its adaptability. It must respond to challenges in a dynamic environment.

    In the era of digitalization, personal data has become as valuable as gold. Companies of all sizes collect information about their customers, partners, and employees, facing challenges related to their proper storage and protection. So how can we ensure the security of these valuable data? Check Managing and Storing Personal Data.

    When do we process personal data?

    Every day, we process personal data at work. Often unknowingly. An example is using a CRM system. We enter customer information there. This happens when signing contracts or registering orders. Such data can include names and addresses. Also, phone numbers and emails. Sharing data in emails is another daily practice. Sending a colleague a list is an example. It might be for a training session. Or a report with customer survey results. This way, we share personal data.

    Processes like verifying an employee’s identity exist. This happens when booking business travel. Or updating contact information in HR. Scanning business cards is another example. These might be from conferences. They go into an electronic database. These are times when we process personal data. It’s crucial to know the data’s nature. And to maintain protection standards.

    Where can I find personal data?

    We store much information on company laptops. This includes email correspondence and key documents. Often, we store sensitive data unknowingly. An example is a spreadsheet with customer contacts. Or an annual summary of employee salaries.

    While cloud services, such as Dropbox or Google Drive, simplify storage and file sharing, they come with certain risks. Despite advanced security options available, users sometimes neglect to use strong passwords for their accounts. Also, smartphones, which have become an essential tool at work, are a source of a vast amount of data – from emails to specialized company apps.

    Managing and Storing Personal Data

    How easy is it to share personal data?

    Not every data leak is a result of malicious intent. In fact, human errors are one of the main culprits of unauthorized data sharing. Imagine accidentally sending an email with an important attachment to someone who should never see it. Or carelessly sharing an internal company document with all employees instead of a limited group. Such oversights can lead to serious consequences for both the company and the individuals whose data was disclosed.

    Furthermore, there are many less obvious, but equally risky situations that can lead to data loss. Using open Wi-Fi networks, such as those in cafes or airports, is undoubtedly convenient but also poses risks. Hacker attacks, eavesdropping, or attempts to break into our device are much more likely in such places. Even one careless connection can result in the theft of valuable information.

    Contact us

    Facing constant challenges related to the protection and management of personal data, we found the answer in a product from Wizards – Oblivio. For us, it’s not just an advanced tool, but above all, a guarantee of the security of our data. Oblivio integrates seamlessly with many systems in our organization, making the data processing simpler and more effective.

    In a world where information has become the most valuable resource, thanks to Oblivio, we are confident in the proper management and protection of our data. Regardless of the scale of our operations, Oblivio provides us with tools tailored to our needs while ensuring the highest security standard.

    Instead of constantly worrying about security and compliance, we’ve trusted the proven solution offered by Wizards. With Oblivio, we are sure that the data of our customers, colleagues, and partners are protected in the best possible way.

    The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) was introduced by the European Union to address growing concerns about privacy and data protection in a world increasingly dominated by technology. The implementation of these regulations has revolutionized the way businesses collect, process, and store data. But what exactly do these changes mean for companies operating in Europe? And what are the consequences of not adhering to them?

    Portuguese Hospital Fined by CNPD

    In 2018, the Comissão Nacional de Protecção de Dados (CNPD) fined Barreiro-Montijo Hospital 400,000 euros. This Portuguese authority oversees personal data protection. The incident is a major example of GDPR enforcement in the European Union.

    The Barreiro-Montijo Hospital Center in Portugal faced penalties for numerous and grave violations. An inspection revealed that the hospital lacked internal regulations for creating accounts and managing access to medical data. Moreover, there was a failure in taking steps to remove accounts of employees who had left the hospital. Additionally, patient data access was mishandled, leading to breaches.

    Permission Management: How to Avoid Similar Issues?

    Modern institutions, particularly those in the medical sector, must give special attention to permission management. Adequately structured and consistently implemented procedures in this field can not only shield institutions from potential sanctions but also elevate the overall level of information security.


    Introducing a clear security policy is the cornerstone. It meticulously dictates who can access information and how much. Yet, that’s just the beginning.

    These procedures should encompass not only the granting and revoking of permissions but also their regular reviews and updates. As the organizational structure changes and the roles of employees shift, permissions should be readjusted to continually reflect actual needs and maintain optimal security levels.

    Moreover, it’s prudent to introduce systems monitoring access and user activities. Such systems not only bolster security by detecting unauthorized access but also act as audit tools, potentially providing evidence in the event of violations.

    In conclusion, training staff on security policies and permission management is vital. Even the most robust system can falter if employees lack awareness of their roles and responsibilities in data protection.


    The penalty given to Barreiro-Montijo Hospital in Portugal is a warning. It highlights the importance of permission management. It also emphasizes the consequences of GDPR violations. Safeguarding personal data has multiple purposes. It’s not just about avoiding fiscal penalties. It’s mainly about building trust with customers and patients. Institutions hold many people’s data. In today’s era, data protection is essential. It’s not a luxury.

    The database management system (DBMS) is a critical component of many IT systems. This article will compare five popular DBMS: MySQL, DB2, SQL Server, Oracle, and PostgreSQL. By understanding their unique features and applications, we can make an informed decision about which DBMS best suits our needs.


    MySQL is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS) that was first introduced in 1995. It is known for its simplicity and ease of use, making it a popular choice for web-based applications, especially those developed in PHP. MySQL offers support for a wide variety of data types and SQL (Structured Query Language) for managing data.


    IBM developed DB2, a hybrid database management system combining relational and object-oriented features. Launched in 1983, DB2 is celebrated for its reliability and performance, ideal for enterprise-level applications. It offers a variety of features, including support for various SQL standards, stored procedures, triggers, and multiple types of indexes.

    SQL Server

    Microsoft’s SQL Server is a relational database management system introduced to the market in 1989. Particularly in corporate environments that utilize other Microsoft products, like .NET, its prevalence is notable. This platform offers a range of advanced features, including support for SQL queries, stored procedures, functions, triggers, and various types of indexes. Moreover, it has strong support for various data types, including JSON and XML.


    Oracle Database, often simply referred to as Oracle, is one of the oldest and most advanced relational database management systems. It was introduced to the market in 1979 by Oracle Corporation. Oracle is known for its reliability, scalability, and advanced features like support for PL/SQL, a stored procedure language developed by Oracle. This system is particularly strong in the area of transactions, data processing, and handling large amounts of data.


    PostgreSQL, often referred to as Postgres, is an advanced, open-source relational database management system. Initiated in 1986 at the University of California, Berkeley, PostgreSQL has been developed by the open-source community ever since. It’s known for its support of various data types, complex queries, and features like transactions, window queries, and different index types. This makes it a very flexible and powerful tool.

    Comparison of the systems

    Each of the discussed database management systems has its unique features and benefits. Choosing between them depends on factors like project needs, environment, resources, and team skills.

    Comparing Database Management Systems
    Photo by Campaign Creators on Unsplash


    In the world of data management, there is no “one-size-fits-all” solution. MySQL, DB2, SQL Server, Oracle, and PostgreSQL – each of these systems has its place, and their selection depends on specific requirements and context.

    Trends in data management point towards an increasing significance of real-time data, big data sets, and cloud technologies. All these database management systems are evolving to meet these new challenges.